Get to know your fellow members in the profiles below.
Late summer in the early 1930s, Margaret Earley, Steve
Earley’s aunt, had a dilemma. For her
4-H calf to show at the Minnesota State Fair, rules required a farm name. Inspiration was an upland cedar stand just
north of the farm house, and Cedar Grove Farm was her choice. Margaret is gone but the cedar stand, now
over 130 years old, still stands. When Steve’s
family started selling garden produce and custom Christmas wreaths the business
name was a “no-brainer“. After 80 years,
Margaret’s Cedar Grove Farm name was revived and the fourth generation of the
Earley family to earn a wage at Cedar Grove Farm began.
Steve and Christy are both retired, Steve from the Boise
paper mill in International Falls, and Christy from Minnesota Extension Service. They have two teenagers, Eric and Anna who get
an equal share of revenue from Cedar Grove Farm as long as they do equal
Christy and the kids make and sell 60 to 70 Christmas
wreaths each year. Harvesting of balsam
fir, spruce, pine, cedar and red-osier dogwood begins after the second hard
frost and, if lucky, ends before deer season.
A double frost assures the greens remain green for a long time. All the greens are locally harvested from the
Farm or a friendly neighbor’s woodlot.
Wreath making is Christy’s specialty, handed down from her mother, a
national award winning wreath maker.
Beginning in early July, the family sells produce from the
garden such as spinach, sugar snap peas, rhubarb, celery and pumpkins. The gardening is tough work and not as
popular with the equal partners during the hot summer. Work begins in April with the starting of
seeds inside, even though snow piles remain outside. Garden planting is done by Memorial Day.
Several days each week are devoted to
weeding, fertilizing and, in dry years, watering the garden.
Cedar Grove Farm covers 100 acres south of the Canadian
border. The farm is mostly clay soils
with 30 acres of aspen, balsam fir and white spruce and 70 acres of
fields. While the first and second
generation of Earleys toiled clearing the land of trees so crops could be
planted and dairy cows pastured, the subsequent generations have been planting
trees in those same fields and pastures.
The woodland has been enrolled in the Tree Farm Program
since the 1980s. Steve is active in Tree
Farm’s Grass Tops program which advocates for better policies and laws that
benefit private woodland owners, in Minnesota and across the country.
Steve was recruited for MFA membership in the early 1980s by
Mike Latimer. To include Christy and the
children, they now have a Family Membership. Recently, Steve served on MFA’s
Board of Directors in 2012-2013.
Will there be a fifth generation to live and work on Cedar
Grove Farm? Only time will tell but one
teen already is looking at a career in forestry.
As part of their retirement
plan, Priscilla and Harvey Harvala moved in July 2009 from 50 wooded acres in
Esko, where they had lived for 34 years raising their five children, to 300
acres near Snellman, Minnesota and the Smokey Hills State Forest. This is the homestead property where Harvey
was born and raised along with his seven siblings. (Snellman is in Becker County, east of
Detroit Lakes and west of Park Rapids.)
After buying the property
from family members, they constructed their retirement home with features like handicap
accessibility and a ground source (vertical wells) geo-thermal heating and
cooling system. The tongue and groove
wood for the floors, vaulted ceilings boards, and trim were all cut from the
oaks on the property that had been damaged by porcupines.
Priscilla retired from a
career as a buyer at Potlatch Corporation in Cloquet and Harvey continues his
consulting engineering career from his home office. All of their property is managed under the 2c
Forest Management Plan, which has proven to be very helpful in reducing
property taxes. They are interested in
considering property management under a LLC.
The property is located in a
transitional zone between the coniferous and deciduous forests and, as a
result, has a wide variety of tree species.
Priscilla said, “Living in a rural area requires hard work at times and
lots of equipment to maintain the property, but is also keeps us physically
active. We have always enjoyed the
freedom of country living and sharing space with all the wild animals of the
Making maple syrup is a
family tradition that was stated by Harvey’s parents which he and Priscilla
continue. They recruit family and
friends of all ages to share in the work of tapping approximately 400
trees. Even grandchildren get involved
in collecting sap and stacking wood. Three
outside wood stoves are used to boil the sap in stainless steel pans. After the finishing is done outside,
Priscilla does the bottling in the kitchen in bottles bearing their own label,
“Old Saps’ Maple Syrup!” The final
product is distributed among the helpers.
When people ask Priscilla and
Harvey how they know when the maple syrup season starts and ends, they always
answer with this old saying: “The sap starts running when the crows begin
cawing in the spring, and the sap run ends when the frogs start singing!” It is amazing how accurate this tale has
proven to be!
and Sharon Finifrock, Carlton which is just south of Duluth, have a long
history of being connected to their land. They currently own or manage seven
40's in two separate parcels in Carlton County.
Both parcels are former Finifrock farm land. One is in the Nemadji River Watershed near
Moose Lake and the other is in the Kettle River Watershed on Bear Lake, near
Barnum. The Nemadji property, which is
on the south short of ancient Lake Nemadji, was acquired by Alan’s parents in
has a deep respect for and interest in learning from natural resource
professionals and other woodland owners.
In 1997 he completed the Woodland Advisor training program. Alan's
interest in caring for the woodland started as a young child, when he recalls
standing on the last 5 foot diameter white pine stump on his Nemadji
property. Alan began planting trees on
an old hayfield with his parents in 1951.
planting became an annual event marked by weekends of work and camping on the
property. Since 1951, Al and his family
have planted more than 30,000 trees on the properties, most by hand. The majority of the plantings were of red
pine and white spruce with about 10% white pine in later years. Some were to reforest and create windbreaks
around old fields and pasture land.
Nemadji property was first enrolled as a Tree Farm in 1967. Alan became aware of the Tree Farm program
and felt that by joining he would be able to continue his learning. He has the original Tree Farm certificate
framed. The Nemadji property was the
site of the Woodbury Sawmill, remnants of which can still be found. These include a 5 foot depression in the
ground, probably a cellar, and a water line used to bring water to the steam powered
mill from the Nemadji Creek. The logs sawn
at the mill were mostly white pine.
These were cut into dimensional lumber and transported by horse and
sleigh to the rail siding at Nemadji for use in building Superior
of the pines planted in 1951 and 1964 are ready for harvest. Chris Boor from Bell Timber visited Alan’s property
on December 10, 2013 to discuss a timber sale.
While no contract has been signed yet, Al dreams of doing the logging
himself with a John Deere tractor and a Farmi Winch. Doing the harvesting himself will require
hard work which will bring back memories, help keep him connected to the land,
and increase the profit of the sale.
Farming for Alan has been a lifelong avocation that has brought many insights, rewards,
and rekindled many good memories.
and Janet Hufnagle, Richard’s parents, started a tree farm for themselves in
the Big Falls area of Kochiching County (go ahead, say the name of the country
for fun!) in 1959. The soil is ideal for
growing trees and the location is perfect, just 40 miles from the Boise paper
mill in International Falls and 70 miles from Blandin in Grand Rapids. At the time, the Hufnagles also started a
tree farm for Richard, who was just 10 years old, with 109 acres.
Today, the combined tree farm has grown to over 2,000 acres. It is owned by the Hufnagle Family Limited Partnership. Partners include several of Richard's six siblings who are scattered around the country.
Dick Hufnagle was establishing the tree farm, he had a hard time making ends
meet. He had to keep costs down and look
for revenue in every place he could to pay the taxes. Today, the tree farm is a profitable, going
business with a sawmill and a wood treatment plant.
establish and maintain the woods, hundreds of thousands of trees have been
planted over the years. In the early
years, there were a few fields to be planted so a machine was used. Today, all of the planting is by hand, mostly
done by local people from town.
Initially, Norway pine was the main species. More recently, white spruce has become a favorite. This year for the first time, oak was
included among the 8,500 trees that were planted. “I tried on two occasions to establish
cedar,” Richard said, “but the deer ate every one.”
has been done recently to establish jack pine.
The soil was prepared with a special scarifying process to remove aspen
sprouts and other brush and then allowed to sit for five years. The same results could be achieved with
prescribed burning but Richard says, “I’ve been afraid of burning. Of the other prescribed burn efforts I know
of in the area, it seems like half of them got out of control.”
land was enrolled in the Tree Farm program early. Richard’s 109 acres was enrolled in
1960. Dick Hufnagle, besides being an
avid tree farmer, was gregarious and hosted many events on the land. He holds a record because he was recognized
as Minnesota’s Tree Farmer of the Year on three occasions, in 1982, 1990 and
enjoys touring the more than 10 miles of roads and trails on the land,
constantly stopping to prune a tree or clear a deadfall. He also enjoys hunting and trapping. There is a five-acre pond on the land that is
fed by a small creek. It was once
stocked with walleyes. “Once, I was
trapping beaver in the small creek and caught two walleyes in my traps,”
makes the three-mile trip from their home in town to the land often. She enjoys cross country skiing in winter and
hunting for mushrooms in the spring while helping with the maple syrup process.
Richard and Joanne’s description, the property, which borders on the Big Fork
River, is gorgeous. Richard says, “We
are privileged to be stewards of this land.”
and Betsy Hoppe bought some land 25 years ago.
10,000 seedlings later they have a tree farm!
land, 383 acres, straddles the border between Kanabec and Mille Lacs
Counties. Their mail address is Ogilvie
and the nearest larger town is Mora.
and Betsy bought the land after it had been on the market for a year. The former owner had purchased it right after
World War II. The owners before him had
failed at farming on the land because the soil is heavy clay and poorly
drained. This fellow tried to create
pasture for beef cattle but gave that up in 1952. “The land wanted to go back to trees,” Paul
spent his career as a conservation officer, first in Glencoe and then in the
Mora area. He retired in 2002. “It was a wonderful job but it is also good
to be retired,” he said.
Paul spends part of every day in the woods.
He harvests some wood for his outdoor boiler that heats their home and
sells some stumpage. But that is just
the start. Maple syrup is an annual
string time project. This year, he and
Betsy made 28 gallons of syrup. That’s a
lot by any measure but especially when you consider the fact that all 1, 120
gallons of sap was collected from trees scattered around the property and
carried to a tank behind Paul’s four-wheeler in 5-gallon buckets. “We have a few sugar maples,” Pau said, “but
mostly we tap red maple which seems to work just fine.”
after finishing with maple syrup, Paul starts work inoculating his mushroom
logs. He does Shittake and Oyster
mushrooms. “Getting a crop of mushrooms
required six months of weather in the 70s.
That means here in Minnesota it takes two years,” Paul said.
newest projects are honey bees and a pollinator pasture in which he’s planted
60 species of wild flowers.
the land, Paul does lots of volunteer work.
He is chair of the Kanabec County Soil and Water Conservation District
Board, chair of the Citizens Advisory Committee for the Snake River Joint
Powers Board and participates on the Minnesota Association of Soil and Water
Conservation Districts Forestry Committee.
Needless to say, Paul spends hours each week in meetings!
to those 10,000 seedlings. As anyone who
has planted and tried to nurture that many seedlings knows, there are lots of
ways to fail. “Some seedlings I planted
in the understory 15 years ago aren’t much bigger today than when I planted
them,” Paul said. But, those that do
grow provide great satisfaction for Paul and Betsy and a legacy for their seven
he has attended the last 20 consecutive Annual Meeting events, Lowell Thornber
has earned the title of MFA’s Most Loyal
78, lives in a Roseville condominium. He
does not own any woodland but has an interest in trees and nature that goes
back to his childhood. Thornber family
members were pioneer farmers in rural Illinois and their original homestead is
now maintained by the local historical society.
Lowell remembers fondly spending time in the black walnut plantation
that was part of the farm.
serving in the Marine Corps, Lowell came to the Twin Cities to study at
Macalester College and then the University of Minnesota where he earned a
masters degree in business marketing.
Lowell spent his career doing computer work for the Great Northern
Railroad, Gould National Batteries and Remington Rand, which later became Unisys.
retirement, Lowell worked at Byerly’s for 15 years until heart problems forced
him to quit. Those heart problems
resulted in two by-passes, a new heart valve and a pacemaker yet, with all
that, Lowell still made it to our Annual Meeting!
The Krantz’ Goods From the Woods Help Finance
John Krantz, Forest Lake, retired from DNR Forestry 11 years ago, he and his
wife, Marcie, went to work selling goods from their woods.
product with which John enjoys working is willow sticks that can be made into canes
and walking sticks. Each year, with
permits from Itacsa County, DNR and the Chippewa National Forest, John harvests
about 1,000 willow sticks and 400 sticks from eight to ten year old aspen. “These sticks are easy to sell,” John says,
“especially the further south you go. We
have been showing our products at a show in Kansas City for the last 10
years. People come from as far away as
Arkansas to buy them.”
second product is butternut that can be made into plates, bowls, etc. by wood
turners. But the main product of their
business, Krantz Wood Sales, is basswood for carvers. “In the area north of the Twin Cities, we
grow the best basswood in the world,” John says, “probably because it grows
relatively slowly here. But, even this
best basswood is a low value timber that becomes high value after we prepare it
basswood has to be harvested in winter.
If basswood is harvested in summer it deteriorates very quickly and will
not hold its bark. Some of the Krantz’
products have the bark attached.
harvest comes the drying process.
Air-dried basswood has characteristics in demand by Krantz’s carver
customers. The sawmill John uses to cut
the rough lumber does the first step in drying by stacking the rough lumber outdoors.
During breezy, low humidity days in April, May and June, the lumber will
lose half its moisture. Then the wood is
moved into the loft of a barn on the Krantz’ Deer River-area farm. “The barn has a metal roof which allows the
summer temperatures to get into the 90s “ John says.
| || |
|John Krantz with his various products including butternut for bowls, walking sticks and basswood for signs and carving. ||Bark-on basswood|
is a popular item for signs.
fall, the basswood is moved to the Krantz’ small wood shop in Forest Lake where
their one part time employee cuts and planes the wood. Most of it is ready for sale to carvers as-is
but John takes one more step with a few of the boards. Some customers like wide boards on which they
can carve relief images. The problem is,
a single wide board will warp so John glues 4-6” boards together to make one
that is 12-18” wide.
to John & Marcie talk, it sounds as though their business is working almost
too well. “We have enough business
coming in,” John says, “that we are never fully caught up.” They are cutting back a little on their main marketing
effort which is displaying at carving-oriented shows in the southern states. This year they skipped a show in
Phoenix. For the last 10 years or so,
John and Marci would load their pickup and a trailer full of basswood and sell
it all at the show. They will continue
to sell to their past customers in the Phoenix area via the telephone and
to MFA, John as been a member since 1976, the year that our association was
brought out of dormancy after having been idle for several decades. In fact, John recalls participating in the
very first meeting in Brainerd.
& Marci’s country estate is a 150-acre farm located just north of Deer
River that has been in the family for 109 years. When John was young, the farm was mostly
pasture on which his father raised beef cattle.
When John went off to forestry school at the University of Minnesota,
his father began planting the pasture to red pine and white spruce. Today, all but 20 acres are forested.
more information you will find an article John wrote for
Carving Magazine in which he describes his process in detail.
Chapman’s home is in Roseville, Minnesota and his woodland is in Polk County,
Wisconsin, just a few miles north and east of Taylors Falls, Minnesota. He is a member of MFA, Wisconsin Woodland
Owners Association and American Tree Farm Program. He is a Master
Woodland Steward, Woodland Advocate, Coverts
Cooperator and graduate of the Wisconsin Woodland Leadership Institute. As you will see in the piece he wrote below,
Neal has a passion for sharing what he has learned with others.
Wanted: volunteer educators-mentors
By Neal. W. Chapman
do you value about your land? Do you enjoy
sharing your passion with others, talking about what goes on there, sharing
pictures taken there as if it were a child or grandchild?
you answered in the affirmative, then I ask you to consider becoming a
volunteer educator/mentor with other landowners. One opportunity would involve
putting on a class at your local community education program. I have found this
to be a relatively easy way to reach others.
Last winter, I piloted a woodland stewardship program to reach
woodland owners through local public school Community Education Programs. I contacted three school districts with my
idea, and was enthusiastically received.
The class “Learn About Your Woodland” was first offered through the
Roseville Community Education program during the winter of 2012, followed by 2
schools in Wisconsin. These classes were
offered in two-hour increments over two or three evenings, and focused on
identifying landowner goals and objectives in preparation for professional
visits from a forester. I chose the
Community Education venue because this simplifies the location, registration,
equipment, and some of the promotional activities associated with class
offerings. It also provides a local,
inexpensive opportunity for landowners to learn about and become engaged in
woodland stewardship, and to network with others.
Working with Eli Sagor at UMN Extension, I chose to use the text
“Woodland Stewardship”, 2nd ed., as the foundation for the class and
provided participants with a number of handouts. I also focused on wildlife
management on their properties. There
were 21 total participants and I found my audiences engaged, full of questions,
and ready to take the next step in managing their woodland properties. I
thoroughly enjoyed my time in class and was very personally rewarded.
I am prepared to share the process and resources with others who
have an interest and passion for sharing their knowledge and experiences in a
casual environment. It really is easier
than you may think! You will come away
with more information as well, not quite a walk in the woods, but close.
Recent cuts in funding at all levels has dramatically affected the
ability of both DNR and University Extension to provide the level of services
previously available to assist private landowners in caring for their land. Volunteer educators/mentors can help deliver
woodland stewardship information to help meet landowners’ needs.
There are many other ways that volunteers can make a difference
working with fellow landowners. Discussions are ongoing with DNR Forestry
leadership, University Mn Extension, and other resource professionals to best
utilize the time and talents of those who volunteer.
This effort is currently very much in the development process, but
volunteers are needed NOW to help shape the effort. Please contact me directly if you wish to
explore the opportunity to help other woodland owners make informed decisions
about managing their land. The commitment is small, the reward great.
Neal W. Chapman at 612-998-7901 or via email at email@example.com
The Big Woods Farm
Dave Medvecky was working on a power line project near Cambridge in Isanti County in the mid-1970s when he saw a For Sale by Owner sign outside a small farm that looked appealing to him. Dave wrote down the phone number meaning to give the owner a call. A year later, Dave hadn’t gotten around to calling when he saw the owner’s obituary in the local newspaper.
Dave contacted a neighbor who had been appointed executor of the estate and learned that the farm would be sold by auction and that the bee hives on the property needed attention. Dave volunteered to care for the bees and made plans to bid on the farm. A few weeks later, Dave and Bev were proud owners of the 40-acre Big Woods Farm. Since then they have acquired another 200 acres nearby, making for a nice 240 acre spread. The place was an enrolled Tree Farm when the Medvecky’s bought it and they have maintained the relationship.
Most of Isanti County is in the Anoka Sand Plain, suitable for pine. The area around the Medvecky’s farm has heavier, clay soil and was called the “Big Woods” by local farmers in the early days because of the huge maple, oak and basswood growing there. The original owner named the place, The Big Woods Farm, a name the Medvecky’s have kept.
While Dave was working, he’d spend his spare time in the woods at the farm. He learned that it takes a full winter season to thin five acres of woods. At that rate, he spent eight years covering the entire 40 acres. Then, in 1995, Dave was laid off from his job and went to work full time on the farm. “Now I work out in the woods from sun up to sunset and love it,” Dave says. “One question is what would happen if I were to get hurt out in the woods? I don’t have a cell phone because I’d probably smash it somehow while working. But, without the phone, Bev wouldn’t come looking for me until after dark.” Good reason to be careful in the woods!
Through the years, Dave has found markets for most of what comes from his woods. “Maple syrup is the easiest product to sell. People ask to be put on a waiting list for it. Last spring was a total bust but we’ve had good years, too. Our best was the year we produced 90 gallons of finished syrup.”
“One problem with producing maple syrup,” Dave says, “is that you have to be in the woods during breakup when the roads and trails are most vulnerable to damage. It seems that some years we’ve spent most of our maple syrup revenue on fixing up the trails after the season.”
Somehow, Dave got connected with a woman who calls herself The Nature Lady. She collects rustic items and resells them to floral shops in Dallas and Austin, Texas. She was at Big Woods Farm recently and loaded up on birch logs, branches and bark plus mushrooms that grow on birch trees and hornets nests Dave found in his woods. Dave and Bev’s 14-year old grandchildren, a boy and a girl, helped load the woman’s truck and saw Dave collect the money. “It is good for the kids to see that you can make money from the woods but I had to warn them that most sales aren’t as easy as this one.”
Dave has a local fellow bring in his Wood Mizer saw mill several times a year. They saw lumber for a local outfit that makes flooring and paneling. Also, logs with figured wood, ones with what normal mills would call defects, are sawed for local bowl turners.
In all, the Medvecky’s have more than two dozen other customers who buy everything from cherry wood for smoking on grills to logs for export to Japan.
One of Dave’s favorite customers, is the Ebner family in Elk River. Five members of the family, who are the 5th generation in the business, make wooden berry boxes. The do it all by hand with no outside help. They do have machinery that is approaching 100 years old. Like the flour mills used to be operated, all of the machines are run off belts from a single shaft that is powered by one three-phase motor. The berry boxes have seen an increase in popularity thanks to the organic fruit market. Recently the Ebners received an order for one million boxes! On average they buy three semi loads of basswood from the Big Woods Farm each year.
What to do with the wood scraps?
The Medveckys have always heated their home, and all their hot water, with wood. Their only back-up system is a second wood burner. Recently Dave bought a new outdoor wood furnace from Classic Sales located just down the road in Isanti. At some point in the near future, the U.S. EPA will ban the current models, smoky models of outdoor furnaces and require that all new models be a more efficient type that produces less smoke. A problem with the efficient type is they require seasoned wood for fuel. Dave says, “As a tree famer, we always have wood scraps we can use for heat but they are not dry. I bought this new furnace so we can put into operation when the old one, that is 25 years old, needs replacement.”
Bev also has a little business going. She maintains a huge garden that produces flowers and vegetables to sell locally. Her biggest seller is asparagus which, according to Dave, is as easy to sell as maple syrup. Bev has 400 feet of asparagus rows in her garden. Another of her major products is peonies. From a few plants obtained from a relative 25 years ago, Bev now cultivates over 250 peony bushes. Vegetables include tomatoes, strawberries and peas. Bev plants one row of sweet corn every week for eight weeks so she has sweet corn available for two months.
Since they purchased the place 35 years ago, the Medveckys have never used any fertilizer or pesticides on Bev’s garden or anywhere on the farm. Dave says, “I guess this makes us organic, although we have never applied for certification.”
Minnesota Woodlands editor: “John, I know you and Mary have done a lot with buckthorn. Since our next issue will feature this pest, I’d like to come out to your place in Delano to talk about what you are doing and take a few photographs of actual work on the buckthorn.”
John Peterson: “You are welcome to come and we’re always happy to share what knowledge we’ve gained about dealing buckthorn. But, if you want photos, we’ll have to go over to our neighbors since we no longer have any on our property.”
Minnesota Woodland editor: “This I gotta see! I’ll be out.”
The land was homesteaded by the Peterson family in 1899 and is currently in a family trust. It is located on Highway 12, just east of Delano. 25 acres of the land is wooded while the rest is cropland and wetland. John and Mary’s home is nestled in the woods, far enough from the highway that one gets the feeling of total privacy yet they are just a mile and a half from a McDonalds.
The Petersons’ buckthorn story began five years ago, in 2007, at a Woodland Advisor class where buckthorn was discussed. John & Mary checked their 25 acres and concluded, “It’s everywhere!” Next came motivation as DNR foresters Art Widerstrom and Alan Olson presented the Petersons with a sign designating their woodland as a Big Woods Heritage Forest. With that John said, “We became motivated to get rid of the buckthorn to help live up to the recognition Art and Alan gave us.”
In 2008, John and Mary went to work. Their first efforts were failures. John tried a foliar spray with 2,4,D but it did nothing. Then he tried cutting a few plants off at ground level but learned they would re-sprout. He tried digging up some smaller buckthorn plants but leaned you have to get nearly 100% of the root or what is left will sprout. Finally, he tried pulling up some larger plants with a Weed Wrench. He found it is easiest to do when the ground is wet but it was still far too much work.
Finally, later in 2008, John and Mary settled on the approach they would follow to complete elimination of their buckthorn: Cut off the stem and, to prevent re-sprouting, immediately treat the stump with a mixture of one part Garlon and two parts base oil. For cutting, they use a chainsaw, lopping shears or hand clipper depending on the size of the stems. A pint-sized oil can is used to apply the Garlon-oil mixture, to the entire stump of small plants and to just the cambium layer of larger plants.
| The Big Woods Heritage Forest designation provided motivation to clean up the woods.
||John's main tools: a lopping shears and a pint-sized oil can with the Garlon mixture
John likes clean-looking woods so
he and Mary loaded all the larger stems
on to a hay wagon and
hauled them off to
one of many burning piles.
Helpers in the process have been their son, who has a full time career managing rock bands, and John’s mother, Lorraine shown at right, who is 87.
A few other things John & Mary have learned along that way may help others:
· The Petersons have worked on their buckthorn in all seasons but the fall is best because buckthorn holds its leaves longer than other plants so it is easy to spot, plus there are no mosquitoes and temperatures are cool.
· The female seed-bearing plants (the ones with the berries) are the priority. If John were to start over on the buckthorn project, he’d look for and deal with these plants first to stop reproduction. Young female plants do not produce seeds until the stems are about 3/4 inch, which is about seven years old, so there is plenty of time to go back and deal with the young female and all male plants.
· Working in patches of young buckthorn plants, John has determined he can cut and treat 400 per hour. (For us older folks, that means bending over 400 times an hour!)
· The process of eliminating buckthorn takes time. With good records of their work, John knows he and Mary invested 200 hours in 2008, 400 hours in 2009 and 500 hours in 2010!
· While Garlon is expensive, (about $125 per gallon), the oil can approach to applying the Garlon-oil mixture is very economical. John bought a 2-1/12 gallon jug of Garlon four years ago and still has half of it.
· After leaves have dropped, it is hard to distinguish between buckthorn and chokecherry. However, after it is cut, the chokecherry wood is white and the buckthorn wood is more orange. When John does accidentally cut a chokecherry, he just doesn’t treat the stump with Garlon so it will re-sprout.
· In working with buckthorn, you never get it all on the first trip through. John and Mary have covered parts of the land five times.
Thanks to John and Mary Peterson for demonstrating that buckthorn can be beaten!